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The tiger shark (Galeocerdo cuvier) is the second largest predatory shark after the great white. Mature sharks of this species average 11-14 ft (3-4 m) and weigh 850-2,000 lb (385-909 kg). They live in many of the tropical and temperate regions of the world’s oceans, and are especially common around islands in the central Pacific.
Tiger sharks are solitary hunters, usually hunting at night. Their name is derived from the dark stripes down their bodies. Those are similar to a tiger pattern, and fade as the shark matures. This shark also also has dorsal fins that are distinctively close to its tail.
The tiger shark is a predator, known for eating a wide range of prey. Its usual diet consists of fish, seals, birds, smaller sharks, squid, and turtles. However, scientists have found man-made waste such as license plates or pieces of old tires in tiger shark digestive tracts.
In particular, this shark is notorious for attacks on swimmers, divers and surfers in Hawaii. That’s because these sharks roam shallow reefs, harbors and canals searching for food. There, sharks may encounter humans. Often, shark bites occur because of poor visibility. Namely, the shark cannot see what it is biting.
The tiger shark is second only to the great white shark, coming close with the bull shark in number of recorded attacks on humans. Therefore experts consider the tiger shark one of the most dangerous sharks.
Despite the dangers, shark diving and photography are incredible experiences. The best locations in the world to photograph sharks include the Bahamas with liveaboard dive operators, and Hawaii.