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The Baja Peninsula
The Baja California Peninsula is a peninsula in Northwestern Mexico. It separates the Pacific Ocean from the Gulf of California. Long and scenic, it spans 1,247 km (775 miles) from Mexicali in the north to Cabo San Lucas in the south. Due to its position, it boasts 3,000 km (1,900 miles) of coastline and 65 islands.
In addition to it’s watery areas, several deserts lie on the peninsula. These are the San Felipe Desert, the Central Coast Desert, the Vizcaíno Desert and the Magdalena Plain Desert.
This region was once a part of the North American Plate. However, about 12 to 15 million years ago, the East Pacific Rise began cutting into the margin of the North American Plate. For this reason, the peninsula is now a separate body from the Mexican mainland.
Several distinct ecoregions make up this area. Most of the peninsula is deserts and xeric shrublands. However, pine-oak forests lie in the mountains. Meanwhile, the southern tip of the peninsula, which was formerly an island, has many species with affinities to tropical Mexico.
Whales and sharks, Cactus and shrubland all coexist in this special part of the world. Gray whales swim in the protected lagoons. Photographers and tourists alike flock to the region for sun, sights, and spectacular sunsets over the Pacific.