The tiger shark (Galeocerdo cuvier) is the second largest predatory shark after the great white shark. Mature sharks average 11-14 ft (3-4 m) and weigh 850-2,000 lb (385-909 kg). It is found in many of the tropical and temperate regions of the world’s oceans, and is especially common around islands in the central Pacific. Tiger sharks are solitary hunters, usually hunting at night. Its name is derived from the dark stripes down its body which are similar to a tiger pattern and fade as the shark matures. It also has dorsal fins that are distinctively close to its tail.
The tiger shark is a predator, known for eating a wide range of items. Its usual diet consists of fish, seals, birds, smaller sharks, squid, and turtles. It has sometimes been found with man-made waste such as license plates or pieces of old tires in its digestive tract. It is notorious for attacks on swimmers, divers and surfers in Hawaii and is often referred to as “the wastebasket of the sea”. These sharks are often large in size and may encounter humans because they often visit shallow reefs, harbours and canals. The tiger shark is second only to the great white shark, coming close with the bull shark in number of recorded attacks on humans and is considered, along with the great white, bull shark, and the oceanic whitetip shark to be one of the sharks most dangerous to humans. This may be due to its aggressive nature and frequency of human contact as it often inhabits populated waters such as Hawaiian beaches.
Shark diving and photography are incredible experiences. The best locations in the world to photograph sharks include the Bahamas with liveaboard dive operators and Hawaii.
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